After I heard this term for the first time, I was really confused. I started my research on it and came out with this post for you. This is exactly what you should be knowing about Autism Spectrum Disorder. I tried to get all the important points in this post.
Autism Spectrum Disorder impacts the nervous system and it also affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social, and physical health of an individual.
I am afraid to tell that there is not only one type of Autism. But it has many subtypes. Each person with Autism can have unique strengths and challenges.
A combination of genetic and environmental factors influence the development of Autism. Therefore, it is often accompanied by medical issues such as:
- Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders
- Sleep disturbances
Autism affects an estimated 1 Million individuals per year in India.
Many people with Autism Spectrum Disorder may also have sensory issues. These can include aversions to certain sights, sounds, and other sensations.
What are the signs of autism?
The timing and severity of autism’s early signs vary widely. Some infants show hints in their first months. In others, symptoms become obvious as late as age 2 or 3.
Not all children with autism show all the signs. Many children who don’t have autism show a few. That’s why professional evaluation is crucial.
The following Red Flags may indicate your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. Therefore, if your child exhibits any of the following, please don’t delay in asking your pediatrician or family doctor for an evaluation:
Signs of Autism By 6 months
- Few or no big smiles or other warm, joyful and engaging expressions.
- Limited or no eye contact.
Signs of Autism By 9 months
- Little or no back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles or other facial expressions
Signs of Autism By 12 months
- Little or no babbling.
- Very few or no back and forth gestures like pointing, showing, reaching, and waving.
- Minor or no response to name.
Signs of Autism By 16 months
- Very few or no words.
Signs of Autism By 24 months
- Very few or no meaningful, two-word phrases (not including imitating or repeating)
Signs of Autism At any Age
- Loss of previously acquired speech, babbling, and social skills
- Avoidance of eye contact
- Persistent preference for solitude
- Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings
- Delayed language development
- Persistent repetition of words or phrases (echolalia)
- Resistance to minor changes in routine or surroundings
- Restricted interests
- Repetitive behaviors (flapping, rocking, spinning, etc.)
- Unusual and intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors
Check out our Blog on Toys for Autistic Children.
If your child has any of these signs. Then get your child screened and contact your healthcare provider.